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Research - Teaching - Action
"Empowerment and Gender"
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The health network:

Mali is one of the poorest countries in West Africa. The basis of insufficient resources, a difficult location, the lack of infrastructure, high levels of illiteracy, in addition to many components related to its difficulties. Like many countries, health is very precarious and its indicators tend to be low and worrying. The population must face various obstacles and health scourges such as AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, diarrhea, cholera, and malnutrition. Life expectancy at birth is low and prevalence of AIDS is high.


Today more than 39.5 million people are now living with HIV in the world. Of these, 4.3 million were newly infected in 2006. Far from being stabilized, the pandemic has increased in Africa, but also in Eastern Europe and Asia.

These latest figures were released by WHO and UNAIDS. Sub-Saharan Africa is still unable to stop the scourge. More than 2.8 million women, men and children have contracted the disease this year, which represents 65% of all infections reported worldwide in 2006.

In the Mopti region, the first community centres have developed networks in fostering a more egalitarian access to offered care. Today, decentralization is gradually improving health care delivery and a more balanced treatment between rural and urban areas facing the health system, which has not always been the case in Mali. The differences between rural and urban areas, both in the poverty and health levels remained very strong.

Many sectors (economic, political) must be mobilized in order to overcome health obstacles to influence them on individual behaviors in terms of environmental and health progress; water sanitation, access to drinking water. The problems of particular unhealthiness in Mopti are at the main concerns and are highly correlated to the possible advances in terms of health and disease. In more general terms, the developing countries are the targets of growing population and high concentration of people. This situation poses serious problems in terms of hygiene and unsanitary conditions with an adverse impact on the conditions of health and lives of people. The deficit in sanitation facilities is also, in this context, a major problem affecting significantly on the socio-health situation. Despite this gradual decentralization, people face many obstacles: inadequate infrastructures, poor spatial distribution of the latter, inequality in access to health care systems and sometimes corruption in the health system.

The growing trend of the use and implementation of ICT is a development strategy proposed by Reso-Femmes for its network health. The ICT policy is an effective and efficient tool for the implementation of sustainable development and the empowerment of people in the country. In this perspective, the Millennium development goals indicate the importance of ICT indicators to achieve the socio-health targets: improving health in all its forms and help reduce poverty.

For the health network Mopti, ICT will gradually meet their daily needs and concerns for health and meet the most urgent needs of the people. The decentralization process which is translated by the use of ICT and connected to local authorities seems to be of a main importance to ensure a distribution and a better reappropriation of health resources.

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